Brisbane was at this time the fastest-growing state, continuing its emergence but still was of lesser overall import to the new nation than its southern big brother and sister. Sydney and Melbourne, whose bulwark populations dwarfed that of Brisbane, held more international recognition, but Queensland's role would continue to grow.
Forty-three trade unions joined them and Brisbane had its (and Australia's) first general strike, lasting five weeks. When it spread to the railways the Queensland state government became more concerned and tried to put more uniforms on the situation, even calling for federal military assistance, which was denied.
A federal judge ruled in the tramway strikers' favour.